Interested in antibiotics? Then you should know that they are medications taken to treat different infections caused by germs. This means that they are not effective against viral infections because they are prescribed to treat the serious bacterial ones. When it comes to side effects, the good news is that most of them are rare and not serious. Before you buy antibiotics, there are certain questions that should be answered.
What Are Antibiotics All About?
As you already know, they are designed to treat bacterial infections, so that they are also called antimicrobials and antibacterials. They are available in a variety of forms, including pills, oral suspensions, capsules, injections, etc. If you need to treat specific skin infections, you are most likely to use their lotion, cream and ointment types. These days, you can find antibiotics under a number of well-known brand names.
What Are Their Basic Types?
It’s easy to group all antibiotics according to their mechanism of action because every type can work only against certain parasites or bacteria. It’s no wonder they are prescribed to treat only particular bacteria, and their basic groups include the following:
Tinidazole and metronidazole;
Trimethoprim and sulfonamides.
It’s interesting that there are other types of antibiotics that can be prescribed by doctors to treat rare infections, including tuberculosis.
How Do They Work?
Some of these meds work by killing certain germs, parasites or bacteria, while others work by stopping them from multiplying. This effect is achieved after interfering with the cell wall structure of germs.
When Do Doctors Prescribe Them?
Most doctors decide to prescribe antibiotics for serious bacterial infections, and they don’t recommend them for those medical conditions that are caused by viral or other non-bacterial infections. However, patients require these medications when they have serious infections, including pneumonia, because they are life-saving. Sometimes, they are prescribed when patients need to treat acne.
What Antibiotics Are Usually Prescribed?
The right choice of antibiotics depends on many important factors, such as the type of infection, your individual response and so on. You should understand that each one is effective only against particular parasites and bacteria. For instance, if you have pneumonia, your physician will prescribe the necessary medicine accordingly. There are other factors that should be considered when choosing the most effective antibiotic, such as:
Severity of your infection;
Condition of your kidneys and liver;
Other meds that you need to take at the same time;
Possible adverse effects;
Your past medical history, including allergic reactions.
Finally, if you are a nursing or pregnant woman, keep in mind that you can take a range of antibiotics that are safe.